The Kashmir Puzzle : Simplifying Jamhooriyat, Kashmiriyat and Insaniyat.

​Kashmir is experiencing a steep rise in the militant activities and violence. All the claims of normalcy have been exploded by recent incidents and the ongoing uprising. All the strategies of Indian state to control the resistance movement proved to be futile and yet they are being applied time and again. Result of this misdirected approach is that with every passing day the situation is becoming increasingly alarming.

If a black Smith is given the job of a gold Smith he can produce anything but ornaments. It is quite obvious that his tools are meant to mould the iron. Roughness and strength are indispensable components of his sickle. Fine articulation, skill and technique needed for making ornaments cannot expected from him.

But in kashmir, the assignments which were supposed to be carried out by the democratically elected government are taken the forces who are trained to kill and whose curriculum simply revolve around this trade. The events in the past and which are happening today force us to assume that in kashmir we have a dejure democratically elected government to give a cover to the defacto military rule.

Indian establishment seems to be one among those who refuse to be objective. Resolution through meaningless talks under the garb of Jamhooriyat, Kashmiriyat and Insaniyat only provide a modus operandi, and not the solution itself. Those who are least concerned in the kashmir dispute can suggest such a way out. But for the people of kashmir for whom the resolution of kashmir dispute is a matter of life and death, it is a fuitile exercise unless it reflects the wishes of kashmiri masses. As a matter of fact it cannot be ruled out that offer of negotiations is not motivated by sincere desire for seeking a resolution but an attempt to keep the leadership in a fuitile exercise of talks. This is often used to provide a cover and to buy some more time to break the will of the resistance through extensive use of force.

Within India and Kashmir, there have been some propagandist intellectuals who consistently concoct stories and interpret events to the liking of the Indian policy makers. That is why they are now projecting the kashmiriyat to serve various purposes. It serves as a proxy for Indian nationalism, where it becomes undefendable. Secondly, it changes the demography of the resistance movement and confines it to the kashmiri speaking areas only. Since kashmiriyat is a common thread between the communities based in kashmir only and not the ones living beyond it, a solution on the basis of kashmiriyat makes people of Poonch, Doda, Rajouri and Kargil irrelevant to any discourse related to a solution based on this analogy.

In order to create a conducive atmosphere for dialogue, there must be the respect for basic human rights, which are inalienable.

But the constant harrasment, killing etc. of innocent Kashmiris who are demanding the realization of a basic internationally recognized human right i.e. right to self determination, has also grounded India’s claims of being world’s largest democracy. Instead of being rehabilitative, Indian state is being punitive to the people of kashmir which shreds the India’s slogan of Insaniyat.

Time and again, the separatist political leaders have been put under constant house arrest and in such a way India has narrowed down the political space of such leaders right from the inception, thereby punishes them for holding a different ideology other than that of the Indian state, which makes one realize the Jamhooriyat in Kashmir.

It is not that I am biased against the Indian security forces , but the atrocities committed by India were confirmed by the CM herself from the podium of Independence day celebrations where she accepted that Indian army used to use Kashmiri’s as shields during encounters and in a media briefing she accepted that SOG used to take innocent Kashmiris for forceful labour which is just the tip of the Ice-Berg. Mehbooba also made a delusioned claim that the incidents of 2010 and 2016 are different, which is totally wrong. The context of both the uprisings is the same which is the atrocities committed upon the innocent Kashmiris. The difference lies in the cause of bursting the bubble. In 2010, it was the Machil fake encounter, Shopian dual rape and murder etc which instigated the people to protest against the atrocities, and in 2016 the instigation came from the events like talks on creation of separate colonies, cat-pigeon analogy and finally by the encounter of much loved Burhan Wani. The constant denial of justice by Indian state has further helped in alleviating the present crisis. Peace without justice is impossible. 

India’s rhetoric that Kashmir issue is a law and order situation which can be solved by financial packages and jobs proves that indian state’s vision with respect to Kashmir is suffering from a serious illness. It is pertinent to mention here that the irony is ruling the state at the moment as the two coalition partners in the state have 2 opinions on this issue and yet they are sharing the power corridors. The denial of Indian state to accept that Kashmir is a political issue is pushing the kashmir’s future into a political quagmire and it also reaffirms the Indian state’s non-seriousness in solving the kashmir issue. It can further be measured by the fact that instead of banning the use of force, the state is replacing the pellet guns with some other weapon. Why aren’t they equally dedicated in solving the issue so that the need to use such guns or grenades do not arise?

Source of sustenance of the movement is not the human body nor the material it avails but faith whose control is beyond the capacity of any ruthless force. Army can kill the militants, but not the militancy. Indian home minister’s statement that India’s future is not possible without Kashmir, least to say, is manipulative and also the nationhood of India should not be so fragile as to crumble with any solution of the kashmir dispute. Kashmir demands a forthright policy aimed at resolving the dispute once for all. The policies of Indian government are responsible for the upsurge of the hostile situation which they faced in 2010 and are facing at the moment. It’s policies towards kashmir suffers from an error of generalization.

BJP right now is facing the catch 22 situation with respect to kashmir issue. Fearing annihilation like that of Field Marshall ayub Khan and Bhutto after the Tashkent and Shimla agreements, respectively, BJP is not taking any bold steps as they fear that it may make them to pay a huge price in the upcoming elections, and if they stop talking about fulfilling CBM’s then their coalition in Kashmir will be at stake. This being the reason, they are not coming clean on holding dialogue with the separatist political leaders.

Instead of using force, India must try to rehabilitate the wounded hearts of Kashmiris. There are three ways to win over a heart viz. muscle, brain and heart. India has tried both muscle and brain now it is time to give heart a chance.